Latin papyri, which are more important from their rarity, consist of a
papyrus leaf (6th cent.) from the Second Yerrine of Cicero, seven
incomplete lines from the Fourth Aeneid (5th cent. ?), and a small scrap
(assigned to the 4th cent.) of the Catiline of Sallust.
Of minor literary publications the chief is one which contains fragments
of Callimachus, edited from two papyri at Berlin by Wilamowitz-
Moellendorff.4 The first (part of a leaf from a papyrus codex of the third
century) contains portions of 75 lines in the lyric metre known as
" Archebulean," with marginal scholia. About one-third of the lines admit
of approximate restoration. The subject is the recent death of Queen
Arsinoe. The papyrus also has a few lines which can be identified as
belonging to the Flawing? of Callimachus. The second papyrus (a much
mutilated fragment of a roll of the second century) contains a few lines of
a commentary on the Atria of the same poet. Wilamowitz also publishes,
in the same article, an epigram on Ehiliscus of Corcyra, a tragic poet of the
first half of the third century b.c.: the papyrus (now at Hamburg) must
have been written in his lifetime.
A smaller but still interesting publication is made by Gerhard from a
papyrus at Heidelberg.5 It contains small portions of 58 lines of didactic
verse, which can be assigned, by the help of an extant quotation, to the
poet Chares. Though none of the lines can be completed, the fragment is
of value for literary history, since it establishes the character of the poetry
of Chares (who has been sometimes taken to be a tragedian); and it also
shows, through the identity of several of the lines with the so-called
Monosticha of Menander, that the attribution of all these sententious lines
to that poet is fallacious. The date of the papyrus (3rd cent. b.c.) is also
of value as fixing a lower limit for the date of the poet. Gerhard's
editorial treatment is, as usual, careful and complete, but not excessive.
A facsimile is attached.
A fragment of Homer (//. ii. 381 - 392, 2nd cent.), and two
unidentified literary scraps have been published by Lefebvre;0 and
Mekler publishes7 the result of a revision by Bell of Eitrem's proposed
readings in the British Museum Medea fragment (see Eeport for 1903-4,
no. 5). The surface of this papyrus has, in fact, suffered so much that all
readings are extremely precarious, and very few can be brought to the test
of a restoration of a continuous passage.
M. Lefebvre has published a complete facsimile8 of the famous papyrus
of Menander, of which he produced the editio princeps in 1907. The
facsimile is accompanied by a careful transcript in uncial characters, in
which full account is taken of the readings proposed by Korte and