Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE. 13

example of a Doric at Tentyra, given by
Denon, has neither capital nor base, yet
in Egypt there are abundance of columns
of equal or greater antiquity which have
both bases and capitals, although of a pe-
culiar form.

The Architrave consisted of the outward
and under beams or ties necessary to hold
or unite the columns together.

The Frize was the height occupied by
the cross beams which formed part of the
roof and tied the building together, and
from the projecting ends of which arose
the idea of the Triglyph; the intermediate
space was the Metope.

The Cornice, and its ornaments, were
the ends or outer edge of the timbers, raf-
ters, &c. of the roof.

The Mutules, Denteles, Modillions,&c.
from the above source also, were acciden-
tal hints improved, when to usefulness was
wished to be added ornament; and which
became permanent, when structures of
wood gave place to more elegant and du-
rable ones of stone.

The buildings in Egypt being all con-
structed with flat roofs, were terminated
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