Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE. 23

largest, which appears not to have been
completely finished.

The second a?ra maybe presumed when
the columns had nearly six diameters in
height; as to the Propylea, or grand en-
trance into the citadel of Athens ; to the
temples of Minerva and Theseus, in the
same city, all which were built in the
flourishing times of Pericles, and the co-
lumns are only five and a half diameters
high ; also the more ancient temple of
Apollo, at Delos, where the columns are
smooth or plain; having twenty channels
or flutings three inches long in the neck, or
top of the column, and as many at the
foot, two inches long-; the intermediate part
is plain; and it has been conjectured that
on solemn occasions this part was covered
with embroidered work or tapestry.

The third period of time is when six or
more diameters were allowed, as to the
temple of Augustus, at Athens, or, as
Stuart, on good evidence, calls it, the
entrance to a market, where six diameters
are used. These are all without bases: in
this division must be included the temple
of Hercules, at Cora, in Italy, where the
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