Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE. 33

in height: the shaft of the column may be
plain, or fluted, with twenty, or twenty-
four flutings, whose plan may be a trifle
more than a semicircle, because they then
appear more distinct; and the fillet or in-
terval between them must not be broader
than one third of the breadth of the fluting
nor narrower than one quarter thereof; the
ornaments of the capital are to correspond
with the flutings of the shaft; and there
must be an ove above the middle of each
fluting. The entablature being divided
into ten equal parts, three are for the ar-
chitrave ; three for the frize; and four for
thecornice. In interior decorations, where
much delicacy is required, the height of
the entablature may be reduced to one
fifth of the height of the column."

The Corinthian order, in the opinion of
Vitruvius, " differs from the Ionic only
in its capital; the Ionic capital having no
more than one third of the diameter of the
column for its height; but the Corinthian
capital is allowed one entire diameter,
which gives to the column a noble, but
delicate grandeur. The other members
placed on the Corinthian pillar, are com-

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