Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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The proportions of the moderns are as
follow : " The height of the column is
twenty modules; and that of the entabla-
ture five modules; the capital has seventy
minutes in height; the base measures the
same as in the Doric and Ionic orders;
and as the module is less, all its parts will
of course be more delicate: the shaft may
be enriched with flutings, to the number
of twenty or twenty-four, as in the Ionic
order; there is no reason why they should
be augmented. The principal members of
the entablature may have the same pro-
portions as the two former orders, viz.
being divided into ten equal parts, three
are for the height of the architrave, three
for the frize, and four for the cornice."

I shall add here, more to complete the
history than to recommend their use, that
there are ancient examples of oval co-
lumns; where the circle of the column is
elongated by a broad plain space on the
two opposite sides of the shaft. Of this
kind were some fragments found in the
Island of Delos, by M. Le Roy. There
are two others at La Trinita da Monte, at
Rome. Also in the tomb near Mylassa in
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