Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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56 RUDIMENTS OF

have one column more in the flank than
the Greeks usually gave, thus several
hexastyles, or six columns in front, have
fourteen columns in the flank, and one has
sixteen. This difference also is to be ob-
served between the temples built by the
Greeks, and those by the Romans. The
rule of the former, was to give to the
flanks one column more than double the
number of those in front, thus an octastyle
would have seventeen columns in the
flanks, as to the temple of Minerva at
Athens. The Romans, on the contrary,
gave only double the number of interco-
lumniations; thus to an hexastyle, they
would make only eleven columns in the
flanks, that is, ten intercolumniations,
making two columns less in the flanks,
than the Greeks made ; as is to the temple
of Fortuna Virilis at Rome, and to the
temple at Nismes, in France.

The walls of the cell were always placed
opposite the columns of the pronaos, and
posticum, according to the rule ; at least
I recollect but one example to the con-
trary, which is in the temple of Theseus,
at Athens.—I thought it necessary to no-
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