Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE. 6?

by this division of the intercolumniation,
the columns have a just proportion. Rome
affords no example of this kind; but at
Teos in Asia is one, the temple of Bacchus,
which is octastyle.

Hermogenes was the first inventor of
these proportions ; he also first used the
octastyle pseudodipteral; hefirstcontrived
to take away, without injuring the beauty,
the interior range of columns in the dip-
teral (which are thirty-four), thereby very
much decreasing both the labour and ex-
pence : this also gave a very large ambu-
latory round the cell, and, without missing
the superfluity, preserved the majesty of
the whole; for the walls and the columns
were first thus disposed, that the view, on
account of the asperity (asperitas) of the
intercolumniation, should have more ma-
jesty : besides, it has this convenience, of
sheltering a great many persons from rain,
as well round as within the cell, which
includes a great space. This disposition
of pseudodipteral buildings was first dis-
covered by the labour of the great and
discerning spirit of Hermogenes; which,
like a fountain, will serve posterity from
f2
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