Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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76 RUDIMENTS OF

peristylium, with groves and extensive
ambulatories, erected in a majestic style ;
besides libraries, pinacothecas, (picture
rooms), and basilicas, decorated in a man-
ner similar to the magnificence of public
buildings ; for in these places, both public
affairs and private causes are oftentimes
determined."

From Vitruvius and other writers, the
following may be considered as nearly the
usual mode of distribution: The part
which first presented itself, was the vesti-
bulum, or what we call the portico ; pass-
ing this, you entered the atrium, or hall,
at the extremity of which, was the ta-
blinum, or repository for books, records,
&c. ; from the sides of the atrium, you
passed by alse, or ailes, to the cavsedium,
which was an open court, surrounded by
a portico, or piazza, at the extremity of
which was the basilica, or place to admi-
nister justice, &c.

The triclinia, or dining rooms, with
their procceton, or room for attendants;
the cubicula, or chambers, with the baths,
were disposed on the sides of the eavse-
dium; also on the sides of the basilica
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