Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE. 77

were the pinacotheca, or rooms for pic-
tures and library ; passing all these apart-
ments, you entered the peristylium, which
was as spacious as possible, and surround-
ed with a portico, or piazza ; this was al-
ways of an oblong form ; at the extremity
of the peristylium were ceci, or halls, of
which Vitruvius mentions the Corinthian,
the Tetrastyle, the Egyptian, and the
Greek, or Cyzican.

The Corinthian oeci have columns
placed either on the podium (dado) or on
the floor; and above have an architrave
and cornice. The Egyptian had the co-
lumns detached from the wall, in the man-
ner of a peristyle ; the space between the
columns and the wall, was covered with a
pavement, and formed a walk round.
This range of columns supported an en-
tablature, on which was placed another
range of columns, one fourth part smaller
than the former, between which were the
windows. The Greek or Cyzican ceci were
situated towards the north, generally had
a view of the garden, with folding doors in
the middle; they had also folding windows,
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