Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE. 8J

of the Saturnalia, when the other parts of
the Villa, by the accustomed freedom al-
lowed at those times, resound with festive
clamours; for here, I neither obstruct the
diversions of my servants, nor they my
study.

These conveniences, these pleasures, are
deficient in falling water, yet near the sur-
face are wells, or rather springs, &c.

Plinii, Epist. lib. 2, Ep. 17.

This copious description conveys a
pretty accurate idea of the extent of a
Roman Villa, its numerous apartments,
with various and multiplied conveniences;
in the description of Tuscum, by the same
Pliny, which merits to be called in modern
language, a Mansion, more than a Villa,
being surrounded by an extensive domain,
and distant from Rome, (one hundered and
fifty miles); here apartments more nume-
rous, and of greater elegance, are describ-
ed ; and the garden, or pleasure grounds,
were more abundantly accommodated with
extensive buildings, and conveniences;
nor were these two Villas all which were
possessed by the Consul, for he writes to a
friend, I prefer my Villa of Tuscum, to
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