Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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94 ALM AMP

enter, answering to the Sanctum Sancto-
rum of the Jews.

AljE, Ailes, also passages in theatres,
houses, &c. also in rooms, &c. the space
between the walls and the columns.

Amphiprostyle, i. e. double prostyle,
or having pillars on both fronts; accord-
ing to Vitruvius, t;he third order of tem-
ples. See page 59-

Amphitheatre, a place for exhibiting
shows, very spacious, of around or oval
figure, with many seats rising on every
side. The area in the middle was called
Arena, because it was covered with
sand, or sawdust, to prevent slipping,
and to absorb blood. It was also called
Cavea, because surrounded by the caves,
or dens, in which the wild beasts were
kept. The Arena was surrounded by a
wall of twelve or fifteen feet in height,
the top of which formed a parapet or
defence to the front seat, which was
therefore called 'Podium. The seats were
distributed, the same as in a theatre.
The entrance to the seats was called Vo-
mitoria, the passage by which to ascend
to the seats Scala, or Scaluria, and the
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