Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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ways both begin and end in the shaft/
hear the extremity of the apophyges ;
though there are examples to the con-
trary. When flutings are used the ca-
pital should be enriched.
Foliage, an assemblage of leaves.
Forum, a market place, where things are
sold: also where the courts of justice
are kept. The Greeks, says Vitruvius,
made their forums square, with large
double porticos, the columns close to-
gether, adorned with stone or marble
cornices, having ambulatories in the
upper stories : but the Romans follow
not the same method; for, by ancient
custom^ the shews of gladiators are
given in the forum : for this reason the
intercolumniations around the area are
made wider. In the surrounding por-
ticos the shops of the bankers are dis-
posed; with galleries in the upper floors,
properly adapted for the use and ma-
nagement of the public revenue: the
proportion to be one third longer than
broad. Adjoining the forum, on the
warmest side, was the basilica; where
were large covered halls, with galleries
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