Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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122 PED PER

stadium, made with rising steps, where
the numerous spectators stood to see the
exercises. Several of these gymnasia
were at Athens, and other places ; the
most remarkable, as well for size as
elegance, was at Athens, near the river
Ilissus,builtbyHerodesAtticus,ofwhite
marble.

Pedestal, a square body on which co-
lumns, &c. are placed. See Plate 10,

Pediment, a low triangular ornament in
the front of buildings, and over doors,
windows, &c.

Pier, a kind of pilaster or buttress, to
support, strengthen, or ornament; the
pier of a bridge, is the foot or support
of the arch. The wall between windows
or doors. Also square pillars of stone
or brick, to which gates to an entrance
are hung.

Pentastyle, an edifice having five co-
lumns in front.-

Peribolus, the circuit or wall inclosing
the consecrated place where a temple
stands.

Peridrome, the space in a peripteral
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