Scotia, a hollow moulding used in bases
to capitals. See plate 8.
Section of a building, represents it as if
cut perpendicularly from the roof down-
wards, and serves to shew the internal
decorations and distribution.
Shaft, the trunk or body of a column be-
tween the base and the capital.
.Soffit,the under part or ceiling of a cor-
nice, which is usually ornamented ; the
under part of the corona is called the
Soffit; the word is also applied to the
ceiling of an arch, the under side of an
Sph^risterium, a circular court, for
playing at ball, or other exercises ; a
Steps for ascent. Vitruvius regulates their
height to about ten inches ; but to the
ancient temples they are generally
higher ; to the Doric temples at Poes-
tum they are sixteen, and to one
twenty inches high.
StrigjE, the flutings of a column.
Stadia, the same as hippodrome.
Stoa, a portico. In one of these at
Athens, Zeno taught his system of phi-