Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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130 THE

foremost rows next the stage,, called
Orchestra, answering to our Pit, were
assigned to the senators, and ambassa-
dors of foreign states ; fourteen rows
behind them to the equites or knights ;
and the rest to the people. That part
which we call the stage, had this divi-
sion ; Scena, the scenes, which were
adorned with-columns, statues, pic-
tures, &c. according to the nature of
the play exhibited. Postsceninm, the
place behind the scene, where the actors
dressed, &c. Proscenium, the place
before the scene, called also, the pul-
pitum, where the actors played, and
the chorus came to rehearse, answering
to our stage. In the Greek Theatres,
the orchestra, which included a very
large space, made part of the scene,
and here the actors danced: the pro-
scenium, being very shallow or small.
But in the Roman Theatres, this part
was assigned to the senators, &c. there
was a kind of canopy, or covering,
stretched over the seats, to shelter from
heat or rain, called peplus.
Theatres were, for a long time, X)f
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