Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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134 XYS ZOP

X.

Xyst, a large court with a portico on
three sides, planted with rows of trees,
where the ancients performed athletic
exercises—running, wrestling, &c. See
Paleestra.

Zocle, or Zoccolo, a low square member,
which serves to elevate a statue, vase,
&c. also when a range of columns is
erected on one continued high plinth, it
is called a Zocle ; it differs from a pe-
destal, being without base or cornice-

Zotheca, a small room, or alcove, which
might be added to or separated from an-
other, by meansof curtains andwindows.
See Pliny's description of Laurentinum.

Zophobus, the frize.
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