THE WOLFE EXPEDITION
June 18. From Ilamos we recross the mountain east to the valley
of Ermenek, and then ascend the high left bluff of Navahy Deresi
to Ermenek (4 h. 7 m.), situated in a Budjak just below the brink
of the bluff which terminates the great plateau mentioned June 15.
The Isnebol on Fischer's map must read Irnebol, which may be a
corruption of Neronopolis. This Irnebol must not be confounded
with the Isnebol in the Navahy Deresi.
June 19. Ermenek to a point south of Yelli Bel, 4 h. 54 m.
From Ermenek we traverse the great plateau mentioned above, in
a north-northeast direction. Three hours bring us down in the
dere of the Bakluzan Tchai, just below the junction of two deres
and tchais. We follow up the Bakluzan Dere and Tchai for two
hours, and encamp. The bluffs of the Bakluzan Dere have numerous
rock-cut dwellings, that have been carefully walled on the outside.
Some of these dwellings are high up in the bluffs, and none of them
can be reached without artificial help. They are certainly inhabited
at present; but in spite of my anxiety to see some of the people,
they were always invisible. The ladder used to reach the dwellings
is a long, but strong, pole, and perfectly smooth. How women or
children can climb it remains a mystery. Indeed the whole settle-
ment bears a mysterious air.
June 20. From a point south of Yelli Bel to Budjak Kishla, 7 h.
43 m. One of my horses strayed off during the night, and half the
day was spent in the search after him.
We still head nearly north, and about two hours' travel brings us
to the summit of Ala Dagh at the Yelli Bel. The ascent from our
camp has been gentle, but the descent to the Gok Su requires six
hours. The bridge over the Gok Su is called Budjakdja Koprti : this
I conceive to be the true etymology, i.e., from Budjak; but I heard
" Buzakdje," not " Budjakdja." Half an hour up the river on the
left bank we reach Budjak Kishla ; immediately south of the village the
Budjak Tchai comes from the east. It is small, and its source is not
far distant. To this little stream, or else to the bridge over the Gok
Su, is due Fischer's mistake in giving the name Buzakdje Tchai to the
Gok Su. He heard the name, and wrongly applied it to the larger
stream. The canon of the Gok Su widens up into a little valley some
distance above Budjak Kishla. The valley is probably three miles
in diameter : the heat is intense, and produces grapes early in the