Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 3.1884-1885

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THE WOLFE EXPEDITION

north. On the top of these cliffs are traces of a town, but the
country is very rough and rocky.

At Fassiller I had the good fortune to discover one of those pre-
historic monuments that have of late been called Hittite or Cappa-
docian. It is a fellow to the celebrated sculptures at Boghazkieui,
Euyiik, and Giaur Kalesi, and belongs to the same period as the
monument of Elflatun Punar, recently published in the Ameiican
Journal of Archaeology (Vol. II., 1886, p. 49 sqq, and plate ; see also
the Revue Archeologique for May, 1885). The monument is an
immense monolithic Stele, which now lies prone on its back, so that
the sculptures can easily be seen, and drawn by a draughtsman
(which I unfortunately am not, and hence I could only make a rough
drawing in outline) ; but a photograph giving a full-face view can
be obtained only by erecting a scaffold over the stone. This is next
to impossible, since the necessary lumber cannot be obtained in this
neighborhood. The stone is so large that it cannot be lifted without
elaborate machinery.

The Stele contains the figures of two men and two lions in very
high relief. Occupying the centre of the stone at the bottom is an
erect human figure, clothed in a gown which drapes the whole figure
to the ground. The hands are clasped on the breast, with the chin
touching the hands. The position of the hands brings to mind the
fact that the great mother Cybele is represented in early art with her
hands on her breasts, supporting or offering them. But the hands
of this figure are simply clasped on the breast, and the figure is most
probably that of a man. His head-dress seems to be a helmet, whose
crest strongly resembles the Bavarian Raupe, only it is very much
exaggerated, and is four-cornered instead of being round. As the
figures are represented in full-face, this crest is in very high relief,
and projects 0.67 m. from the face of the stone. The mouth of this
figure is open; the ears and eyes are very large.

On either side of this figure there stands a lion, full-face, and in
very high relief. The lions are about as tall as the man without his
crested helmet. The legs of the lion are not divided; that is, the
curvatures alone are indicated, but the mass of stone between the
legs has not been dug away.

Above the figure just described is a second figure, unmistakably
that of a man striding forwards. His left foot is forward, and sup-
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