Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 5.1886-1890

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1 cm


such property were transferred, the "bill of sale" would be a new
boundary-stone replacing the old one and inscribed with the names
of vendor and purchaser and the conditions of the sale. The great
importance of the boundary-stones in any legal transaction is brought
out by the Attic Orators, as in Demosth. vs. Phainippos, 1040. 5 :
Kal irpwrov fi£V irepiayayoov rrjv iar^ariav, ifKeov f) CTaSltov ovaav
TerrapaKOvra, kvkXm eSet^a Kal Siefiaprupdpvv evavriov <\>aiVLTnrov,
on ouSel? opo? enreaTLV eVl ry ia^ana. el 8e <£>vcriv, elirelv eicekevov
avTov r}hn Kal Bel^ai, oVw? /a?) varepov ivravOa ^peo? yevop,evov uva-
(fiavijcrciiTO eTrl tw •yaplw.

To proceed, then, to the inscriptions of this class found at Ikaria.

No. 2.

Slab of greyish stone : height, 0.52 met,; width, 0.23 ; height of
letters, 0.017.

OPO^X-^PI-^HEH 6>o? xwPiwv ">

A HOPE I A| K AIKH 'Avdpeuy koI icq-

n -T\[i K A I 01 K I A § n E ttwv Kal oi/a'a? 7re-
n P AMEr1/"^ E n IAY Trpafievcov eirl Xv-

5 E I A ( S I 5 T PAT-TM aei A[i/](x[(.]o-TpaT$>
K E<t"AAH OE H KecpaXrjdev.
Translation.—"Boundary of lands in Anthreion and gardens and

house sold, upon condition of equity of redemption, to Lysistratos of


Comment.—The form of the letters indicates that the inscription
should be referred to the fourth century B. c.

'AvdpeUo: This is a name hitherto unknown, and it probably belongs
to some locality included within the limits of the deme of Ikaria. It
seems quite natural that the rural denies, like our own townships, should
contain, besides the principal village or deme seat, a number of small
hamlets, the names of which, while familiar to the members of the deme,
would be little heard beyond the limits of its territory. Our excava-
tions took place on the site which was undoubtedly the centre of popula-
tion and the seat of the municipal government. This particular stone,
however, was not found in situ, but had been brought from elsewhere.

The position of the deme of Kephale, mentioned in the last line, has
never beenexactlydetermined,but it lay somewhere in theMesogaia,pro-
bably between Markopoulo and Keratea {Mitthcilungen, 1887, p. 288).
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