Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 6.1890-1897 (1897)

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DISCOVERY OF A TEMPLE OF ARCHAIC FLAX

49

the chamber /Sthus opening upon the opisthodomos, as at Corinth 16 and
in the Parthenon, and probably being used as the treasury of the
temple. It is hardly large enough to have been a separate sanctuary,
as at Corinth. Both pronaos and opisthodomos are unusually deep
relatively to the width, the pronaos being the deeper by 1.10 m. All
the superstructure, as well as the stylobate, may have been built
of marble, which would account for the complete absence of any
parts of it, owing to the destruction by the Byzantines and Turks of
this material in making lime. The small column mentioned above
does not fit in anywhere, and undoubtedly belongs to some other build-
ing. The occurrence of the " votive sockets," the walls jv'and 0, and
the platform M, which was probably the basis of an inclined plane or
flight of steps leading to the temple at the west end, and the total absence
of such remains at the east, are all features of interest.17

The date of the temple whose remains are before us can be taken
as of the fifth, or perhaps the sixth century b. c, on the evidence both
of the I-l-clamps,18 seen in block P, and of the style and workman-
ship of the masonry.19 The column-ratio of 6:18, as well as the
arrangement of the cella, point to an early date.20 It is possible that
the plan and foundation-walls are of an early date, say the sixth cen-
tury, while the superstructure m as later, of the fifth or even the fourth
century. The layer of blackened earth which has been described points
to some building which once stood on the site and was destroyed by
fire. I will endeavor to show later that the superstructure, at least,
dates from 427 b. c.

16 Milth. Alhen, xi, p. 297.

17 [The inclined plane may possibly hare been used for proce&sions arriving from
the town (which would then lie mainly to the west or southwest of the temple) in
order to ascend at the west end, divide into two bodies, and pa.*s through the colon-
nade on either side to the east entrance.—C. W.]

181--l-clamps were used, it is true, in the Choragic monument of Xirias at Athens

(320-19 b. c), while contemporaneous buildings at Olympia show the i--1 form

(DOrpfeld in Mitih. Alhen, 1S85, p. 227). The t—i shape, however, was in general
use throughout the fifth century, and is characteristic of the work of the best period.

19 Dr. Dorpfebd, judging from my description, notes, and drawings, expresses the
opinion that the outer walls were of the sixth or fifth century b. c, and that the
inner walls might be as late as the fourth century, but were probably earlier.

20 Cf. Temple C at Selinus (6:17) about COO b.c., and the Keraenm at Olympia
(6:16). [The newer temple at Locri (6: 17 columns), also with very deep pro-
naos and opisthodomos, is probably not older than the middle of the fifth century.—
T. W. L.J
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