0.5

1 cm

236 EXCAVATIONS AT THE ARGIVE HERJEVM IN 1S92.

This substantial foundation, furthermore, goes down to a very

considerable depth. At the northern side, where bed-rock lies

just below the surface, it consists of but one or two courses. At

the western end, however, where the underlying rock slopes with

the incline of the hill, it increases from two to eight courses, while

at the eastern end we sunk a shaft deep enough to show ten

courses (3.50 m.), without yet reaching the lowest.

Contiguous to the eastern end of the foundation, just at the

middle, was a platform almost exactly 4 m. square, perhaps

making part of an approach to the temple, like that to the temple

of yEsculapius at Epidaurus. A single square stone found close

by, with parallel cuttings on its face as though for a ramp, tended

to support the latter theory.

To consider now the plan of the temple11: the stereobate meas-

ures, as already stated, 39.60 m. by 19.94 m. Further, from a

capital which was unearthed, we found the diameter of the col-

umns at the neck to be 1.02 m. It is quite evident from the

width of the outer foundation (3.60), that this supported not only

steps but a range of columns, that is, the temple was peripteral;

and second, a peripteros, of so small dimensions was surely hexa-

style. Probably, then, there were twelve columns on the flanks.

Assuming the most usual ratio of upper to lower diameter, these

columns would have measured on the stylobate 1.31 m. Assum-

ing further that the line of the first step is .20 m. inside the outer

edge of the stereobate, and that the steps were each .50 m. in

breadth, the stylobate would measure 37.20 m. by 17.54 m.

With intercolumniations, then, proportional to the column-diam-

eters, there would be exactly room for twelve columns on the long

side.1

14 Orientation of the temple : the angle between the axis and the true east is

15° 59' 20".

15 Of course much is assumed in such a calculation as I have made ; but, it seems

to me, reasonably. Even, however, if we assume the smallest possible dimensions

for the stylobate and so the greatest possible ratio of length to width, there could still

be no more than twelve columns on the long side. The proof of my [point, there-

fore, does not depend upon the precise accuracy of the figures employed. On the

other hand, the fact that by employing figures which most naturally suggest them-

selves, so exact a result is secured (the discrepancy is only a few centimetres), serves

to strengthen the demonstration. Of course it is well known that the ratio of length

to width in Greek temples decreased from earlier to later times. Thus in the He-

rssum it is less than in the Parthenon or " Theseum."

This substantial foundation, furthermore, goes down to a very

considerable depth. At the northern side, where bed-rock lies

just below the surface, it consists of but one or two courses. At

the western end, however, where the underlying rock slopes with

the incline of the hill, it increases from two to eight courses, while

at the eastern end we sunk a shaft deep enough to show ten

courses (3.50 m.), without yet reaching the lowest.

Contiguous to the eastern end of the foundation, just at the

middle, was a platform almost exactly 4 m. square, perhaps

making part of an approach to the temple, like that to the temple

of yEsculapius at Epidaurus. A single square stone found close

by, with parallel cuttings on its face as though for a ramp, tended

to support the latter theory.

To consider now the plan of the temple11: the stereobate meas-

ures, as already stated, 39.60 m. by 19.94 m. Further, from a

capital which was unearthed, we found the diameter of the col-

umns at the neck to be 1.02 m. It is quite evident from the

width of the outer foundation (3.60), that this supported not only

steps but a range of columns, that is, the temple was peripteral;

and second, a peripteros, of so small dimensions was surely hexa-

style. Probably, then, there were twelve columns on the flanks.

Assuming the most usual ratio of upper to lower diameter, these

columns would have measured on the stylobate 1.31 m. Assum-

ing further that the line of the first step is .20 m. inside the outer

edge of the stereobate, and that the steps were each .50 m. in

breadth, the stylobate would measure 37.20 m. by 17.54 m.

With intercolumniations, then, proportional to the column-diam-

eters, there would be exactly room for twelve columns on the long

side.1

14 Orientation of the temple : the angle between the axis and the true east is

15° 59' 20".

15 Of course much is assumed in such a calculation as I have made ; but, it seems

to me, reasonably. Even, however, if we assume the smallest possible dimensions

for the stylobate and so the greatest possible ratio of length to width, there could still

be no more than twelve columns on the long side. The proof of my [point, there-

fore, does not depend upon the precise accuracy of the figures employed. On the

other hand, the fact that by employing figures which most naturally suggest them-

selves, so exact a result is secured (the discrepancy is only a few centimetres), serves

to strengthen the demonstration. Of course it is well known that the ratio of length

to width in Greek temples decreased from earlier to later times. Thus in the He-

rssum it is less than in the Parthenon or " Theseum."