Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 6.1890-1897 (1897)

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DIONYSUS ev Ai|jivais.


But it has also been contended that Liranse add Lemeum do
not refer to the same locality. It is clear from what has been said,
however, that the Lensea and the Great Dionysia must have
been held in different localities. So if Limnse and the Lenseum
do not refer at least to the same region, there must have been
three separate sanctuaries of Dionysus; for no one will claim that
the Great Dionysia can have been held in the Limnas if the
Lensea were not celebrated there. But as we have seen, Hesychius
(v. A(fivcu) declares that the Lensea were held ev A^aww?. The
scholiast to Aristophanes says46 that the Chytri were a festival of
Dionysus Lenseus; so the Chytri as well as the Lemea must
have been celebrated in the Lenseum. Athenasus in the story of
Orestes and Pandion speaks 47 of the temenos ev A£fivai<> in con-
nection with the Choes.. In Suidas (%o'e<?), however, we learn that
either Limmeus orLenasus could be used in referring to the same
Dionysus. Such positive testimony for the identity of the Lenasum
and the sanctuary in the Limnse, cannot be rejected.

We have still more convincing testimony that in the great
period of the drama the two annual contests at which dramas
were brought out were held in different places, in the record of
the time when the wooden theatre ev At/xyat? was finally given up
and 6 farl Arjva(a) aya>v became a thing of the past. The change
comes exactly when we should look for it, when the existing
theatre had been splendidly rebuilt by Lycurgus. The passage
is in Plutarch, where he says48 that this orator also introduced
a law that the contest of the comedians at the Chytri should take
place in the theatre, and that the victor should be reckoned et?
aaTv, as had not been done before. He further implies that the
contest at the Chytri had fallen into disuse, for he adds that
Lycurgus thus restored an agon that had been omitted. This
last authority, however, concerns a contest at the Chytri, the
Anthesteria, and is only one of many passages which tend to show
that o iirl At]valw aya>v was held at this festival. The most weighty
testimony for making the Lensea an independent festival, even in
historic times, is given by Proclus in a scholium to Ilesiod.49 He

46 Acharnians, 900. 47 X, 437 d.

48 [Plut.] Vit. 10 Or.: LyodBG. Oral. TO 1. 10 p. 841.

49 Proclus to Hesiod, Op. 504.
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