Atkinson, Thomas [Mitarb.]
Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos — London, 1904

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0.5
1 cm
facsimile
22G

R. C. BOSANQTJET

onwafds. It will be sufficient for my purpose if I summarise the entries
relating to obsidian and a few others which illustrate them.

1870. May 5. 110, Peloponnesus, obsidian core.

Nov. 18. 818-822, Scopelox including one core, (X).

Dee. 20. 259-266, Tanagra including 265, 5 cores and 12 small chips, and 266, a
number of fragmentSj ' brought by D, wlio travels about the country and
colleets coins ; he said that he found them in the bed of the Asopus.'

1871. Feb. 28. 2S9-294, Kalamos, A/t/ica, including 3 pieces of obsidian (X).
])ec. 26. S71-S88, Mesolonghi, of which 0 obsidian, ' all fine pieces.'

1872. Feli. 2. 409-414, Mesolonghi (no obsidian) sent by sohoolmaater tö X.

,, 415-400, Salaijora (110 obsidian) sent to X by sehoolmaster at Arta.
,, 451-473, Salagora, 20 cores, 31 flakes and small pieces.
Mar. 20. 484-489, Gorinth, 6 cores and a number of flakes.

,, 4^0-493, Ml. PentdicuS (X) including 2 pieces of obsidian.
June 10. 511-541 ' purchased from X, wlio assured me they were sent to him from Eretria,
where they were reeently found in an excavation.' [No obsidian here ; I
quote Finlay's remark because it implies a shade of doubt.]
.Tune 12. 543-558, Kalavryta ' collected in part by the shepherds, whonöw find them in
the mountains, since their attention was directed to the subject.' [No obs.
The rcfercnce to the efi'ect produced by the pamphlet is noteworthy.]
July 20. 563-596, Eli«, including 1 core.

Oct. 8. 597-007, Kimolox, all obsidian. [Large Spalls like those at the quarries].
1108, 009, Melos, 2 balls of obsidian.
,, 010-613, Sin/011 and Environs, 38 pieces including many cores.
,, 614-616, Chiiiomodi (Tenea), 8 cores.
,, 017, Stymphalux, 38 flakes.
Nov. 8. 639, 16 knivesand saws, 24smaller and 10 tine flakes, 9 cores. From X, ' who
xaid they were found in Attica, bul afierwards the Oretan boy who xold them
to him told mc they came from Melox.'
Dec. 16. 64O-O4.!, Melos, 1 large core, 5 fine cores, etc.
,, 644-640- Attica, obsidian (X).

1873. Sept. 2. 654, 655_, Phalerum, 2 cores ; Braonui-*, 12 knives, saws, etc. (X).

,, 30. 699-700, Patrax, 4 cores, 23 knives, saws, etc. (X).
Oct. i. 705-711, Marathon, cores and knives.

1874. Mar. 25. 720, cores and knives given by X.

April 1. Near Sl. Theodore, Athens, core and 7 flakes, given by X.
June 18. 723, Melhaua, 9 corgs, 14 flakes.
June 20. 724- Cerigo, 7 cores, 2 fragments.

The almost simultaneous discovery of obsidian implements—most of them
exceptionally fine specimens—at Mesolonghi, Salagora, Corinth, Melos,
Sicyon, Chiliomodi, Stymphalus and other places, must in itself have excited
the suspicion of a purchaser less experienced than Finlay ; if he continued to
buy after November 8, 1872, it was probably because the specimens were too-
good for a collector to refuse. There can be little doubt that much of the
obsidian bought by him in 1872 came from the surreptitious excavation in
Melos which I have already mentioned.1

As to the motive of the excavation: given such a clue as Finlay's pamphlet,

1 The earlier purchases mostly consist of
small weather-worn pieces which look like
genuine surface-finds. The large unweathercd
cores and flakes, characteristic of Phylakopi,

form a small proportion of the Mesolonghi
and Salagora lots, but otherwise do not
appear before Oct. 8, 1872. After that date
they predominate.
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