System of the Palace.
Massive foundations on- South Slope; Monumental approach to Palace
from Southern Road-head ; The Stepped Portico ; Evidence of date of Portico—
M.M. la; Its relation to Viaduct; Stone Embankment at Bridge-Head ;
Road System North of Bridge ; Systematic control of through traffic ; Public ■
and Palatial lines ; Continuation of Minoan Way totvards Harbour Town ;
Columnar Structure by Bridge-Head; Public paved way designed for wheel
traffic; Branch line to Magazine of the Arsenal containing the ' Chariot
Tablets'; Early tise of wheeled Vehicles in Crete—Miniature painted Clay
Wagon—M. M. la; Oxen and Asses precede Horses • Four-wheeled Chariots
at Tylissos; The Ass as pack animal; Palanquins—M. M. II model;
Restoration of Stepped Portico; Massive stone ' Horn of Consecration ';
Fragment of painted plaster relief; Section of Portico approaching an
original S. W. Entrance of Palace; Half-rosette reliefs from area of S. W.
Entrance Porch; Remains of paved Step-way within Portico; The Great
Catastrophe; Uncertainty as to South-West Approach in Late Minoan
Palace: Old line of approach deflected ; Evidence of intensive use of Southern
Transit Route in L. M. I; Early X VIIIth Dynasty Tomb paintings
paralleled- by great Processional Fresco at Kuossos.
Already, at an earlier stage of the excavation, remains of a massive Massive
line of walling, about 2 metres in width, had come to light, running down tionsonS.
a section of the hill-side from a point some 40 metres South-West of the pe'
angle on that side of the Southern facade of the Palace. This had been
provisionally set down as the foundation of a narrow causeway similar to
those on the West side of the Palace, till the discovery during the operations
of 1923 of a second line of walling, following the slope upwards parallel with
the other at a distance of about 5 metres to the West of it. It was then
realized that we had here the lateral supports of a monumental avenue of
approach on that side, ascending the slope Northwards and evidently forming
some kind of stepped ramp with terraces at intervals.
This clearly stood in some relation to a main highway from the South. Monu-
It was owing, in fact, to the direction in which the descending avenue pointed approach
that the search was made for traces of a road-head on the opposite side of £°0^,alace
the gully above the Vlychia torrent, which eventually resulted in the dis- Southern
covery of the section of Viaduct on that side. head.
A better understanding of the parallel lines of structure ascending the