The usage of all the less cultivated tribes of men,
in the various distant regions of our earthy seems to
shew that the conical hut was the primary essay in
this kind.* We find it with the Kamkatschan and the
Hottentot; we meet with it in the American Wig-
wam ; among the antient inhabitants of Asia Minor,*5
and those of the new discovered issands in the south-
ern Ocean. It is of ready eredtion, as easy re-
moval, has declivity for rain to run off, and sussici-
ent resistance to the ordinary force of winds.
Further experience of this form, incapable of
suitable enlargement when increasing families were
to be assembled under it, suggesled the more con-
venient one of the cubical hovel, construdted of up-
right trunks, or beams, planted in the ground, with
other beams laid horizontally along their tops and
connected, at the angles where they join to terminate
the four sides, by ligature or other fastening; after
which, the open interfaces might be filled up with
the small branches of the trunks employed for sup-
port, reeds, shrubs, &c.
Requisite enlargement, and partition of such an
inclosure vertically, may have furnished the sirst idea
os apartments sor separate use. The conical hut
muss have taught the builder the advantage os
giving declivity to the roof of his next invented
habitation; and further consideration would in time
shew him, that, as this roos might be laid on at any
moderate height, some additional solidity and eleva-
tion os his walls would render his inclosed space di-
* Sir W. Chambers’s Civ. Arch, pag. I, pi. i.
*> Vitruv, B, II. c. i.