Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara, 395]

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how could they be on the right and left hand ? A s we have
introduced the word amphithalamus we may use it to signify a
postcubiculum, or room placed behind another; which sense
Philander seems to have annexed to it.
The word triclinium, if we regard its etymology, means
a room where there are three couches or beds. The Romans,
whose principal repair was supper, called this room a Ccena-
culum or Coenationem. The greek words wo$ ^ccK?\ivog
marked the number of the couches in the room. Triclinium
is a general name in latin for them all. Plautus makes use of
the word biclinium, and A. Gellius of scimpodium, * the for-
mer meaning a room with two couches, the latter, where only
one was to be found. Sometimes triclinium was put for the
couches themselves, and for the word ccenaculum dieta or
zeta, which are synonimous.
Oeci in general meant rooms of considerable extent, some
of which were set apart for the use of the men to feast, &c.
only, and others for the women to spin in, &c. Palladio and
Alberti call them saloons, meaning in English great halls.
That the word exhedra means a place where there were
benches cannot be doubted, and is properly a room for the
purposes os conversations of all kinds, and to pass the mid-
dle of the day in. But Cicero makes triclinium, cubiculum,
and exhedra synonimous.
Conclave means a room of less extent in the retired parts
of a house ; which, accurately speaking, does not signisy one
room only, but many which are accessible by one key. Plau-
tus somewhere uses the word conclavium, which may assist us
in finding the difference; we may call conclave a closet, con-
clavium an apartment 5 which I apprehend Pliny the younger
by the figure synechdoche, f expressed by the word dioeta,
* 'Zx.iy.'jrohov signisies a little bench or stool with one foot only, and held but
one table. See Hesychius on the word,
-j- A figure in speech, which takes the whole of a thing for a part, and the
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