OF THE ELEMENTS OF
Apartments to which men alone had access were called an-
drones and andronitides; those the women only frequented
were called gynsecia or gynaeconitides; those for strangers,
hospitalia ; for winter, hibernacula. Among the Romans an-
drones had another signincation, of which hereafter.
The word finacotheca* implies from its derivation a
receptacle for pictures or painted tablets, and in this meaning
all writers concur; whether it be synonimous with tablinum
is yet undecided. We may use the authority os Pliny the el-
der, who says the tablinum contained books and vouchers of
transaclions in public offices. The modern name for these
records is archives, and sontetim.es storehouses; which is a
general term according to Ilidorus, for all places where the
instruments os any art whatever were deposited. Public ar-
chives are sometimes called exchequers. In the roof there
are osten rooms which v/e term lolars, the rooss which admit
them are called by Vitruvius tecta uei majora sunt spa-
TIA, those which do not admit them tecta commoda. By
the words cella familiarica, is meant any room for servants, or
the vesuiariurn, by the French called a garderobe, by us a ward-
robe ; for it is likewise used for any recess where there is a
close stool or water closet; and sella, thus applied, is spelt
with an s.
The terms bibliotheca and museum require no trans-
lation. Of vestibules and courts we will speak hereafter.
§.2. Rooms are in general quadrangular, seldom round.
If the length be 1, the breadth L, the height a. From
the rules os Palladio in the first instance 1 = L in the se-
cond, 1 = V 2 L~, which is the diagonal of the breadth
squared, and sometimes is called the diagonal breadth ; in the
third 1= i ' L; fourth 1 == i £ L; fifth l=ls-L; Sixth 1= 2 L j
* From the Greek word niva.% a tablet, Tt5ny.t to place.