Glasgow Archaeological Society [Hrsg.]
The Antonine Wall report: being an account of excavations, etc., made under the direction of the Glasgow Archæological Society during 1890 - 93 — Glasgow, 1899

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the face of the south kerb of the vallum for a distance of
nearly 30 feet. They tail off gradually, and the last trace
of them now distinct is at a point 28 feet 6 inches south of
the south kerb. There is no stone base to the expansion except
where the rock in situ, supplied a natural foundation.

All the appearances in the expansion, and in the vallum against
which it leans, point to the inference that the latter must have
been first erected and the expansion built up against it. In fact,
the expansion leans over, as it were, so that its most northerly
part overlaps the kerbs, and lies against the south face of the
vallum, which slopes inward with a considerable batter. The
whitish clayey and sandy soils on the south face of the vallum
make so strong a contrast with the red earth of the expansion
that there is no mistaking the distinction, and no difficulty
whatever in discerning the dividing line between the two.


Barr Hill and Croy Hill are separated by a short valley
or hollow between the two elevations. Through this slack
there passes the main road fco Kilsyth, at right angles to which,
and on the north face of the Girnal Wood, a farm road occupies
the site of the fosse in a direct line very steadily until a strip of
woodland is reached, the northern fence of which is in the fosse.
There is a quick descent, followed by a still steeper ascent of the
first ridge of Barr Hill, on which the gamekeeper's house is
situated, and which is nearly 350 feet above sea level. Beyond
this, the line of the vallum is in a field which has at one time
been under the plough, an operation which has completely,
to all outward appearance, levelled the vallum with the adjacent
ground. The fosse, however, except at one point where the
rubbish from a now disused coal pit has been thrown into it, is
intact. A stone dyke runs along the bottom of it all the way
over the Castlehill, as the highest part of Barr Hill is named.
The highest point of the Castlehill has a southern face of almost
perpendicular trap rock, forming a cliff nearly 100 feet from
base to summit. This height is 507 feet above sea level, and the
vallum, crossing the shoulder northward of the peak, reaches
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