Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1893-1894

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Progress of Egyptology.

published in full by Prof. Diels as one of the supplements to the Berlin
edition of Aristotle.1 The subject of the treatise, which was written by
an unknown author in the second century, is the cause of disease, and
the chief interest of it lies in the fact that half of it is occupied by
a historical summary of the opinions of earlier writers, including
notably Hippocrates. This summary is based on the similar work by
Menon, a pupil of Ai'istotle, which in ancient times often passed under
the name of Aristotle himself, but is now lost. Besides editing the text,
Prof. Diels has also written an article on the contents of this treatise in
Hermes.2 Prof. Nicole has published the text of the fragments of
Homer contained among the papyri recently acquired by the Public
Library of Geneva.3 One of these is of special interest, as containing
a portion of the Iliad (xi. 788-xii. 9) with no less than thirteen lines in
addition to the received text. Prof. Nicole did not assign any date to
his papyrus, which is akin in character to the Petrie fragment of the
same book of Homer published by Prof. Mahaffy in 1891; but a fac-
simile has since been published by Prof. Diels, from which it is evident
that it may be referred to the second century b.c. The character of the
supernumerary lines clearly points to their being additions to the
original text, not genuine portions of it which have been dropped out of
it. Another of Prof. Nicole's papyri contains a portion of the Odyssey, a
work much less common in papyri than the Iliad; the rest are of small
importance. A larger Odyssey papyrus is that of which the greater
part is in the British Museum, while some smaller fragments have
unfortunately been separated from it and are in the Rainer collection
at Vienna. It is written in a fine uncial hand of the first century, and
is accompanied_hy_a few scholia. The text has been published by the
present writer4 and Dr. Wessely,5 while the scholia have been dis-
cussed _byJProf. Ludwich.6 Still more valuable, perhaps, than this is a
vellum fragment of Demosthenes De Falsa Legatione, which has likewise
been acquired by the British Museum and was published at the same
time.7 It is in a hand apparently of the second century, and in that
case is the oldest vellum MS. of the classical writers in existence. It
is satisfactory to find that its text in general confirms that which has
come down to us in the much later MSS., on which our knowledge of
Demosthenes as a whole is based. The second part of Prof. Mahaffy's
publication of the Flinders Petrie papyri (which will be described more
fully below) contains some portions of the Laches of Plato, substantially
supporting the received text, and a curious historical document, ap-
parently a soldier's account of an expedition by Ptolemy Euergetos
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