Sahidic, Memphitic (or, as Mr. Headlam prefers to call it, the Middle
Egyptian), and Boheiric. Further investigation will be needed to prove
that there really existed a Faiyumic version, distinct from the Mem-
phitic. Among other interesting points we notice that Mr. Headlam
claims for the Boheiric version an antiquity higher than that of the
Sahidic, a new theory, not yet, at any rate, shared by other scholars.4
On this side Coptic literature has been enriched by a large and well-
printed volume,"' in whicli Dr. Budge edits three Boheiric Encomiums
or discourses by Theodosius of Alexandria, Severus of Antioch, and
Eustathius of Trake—the last an unidentified locality—in praise of
St. Michael the Archangel. Linguistically the texts are not of more than
the usual importance; but the comparative liveliness of the narratives,
the novelty of several of the incidents, and the interesting lights
frequently thrown upon Coptic civilization and superstitions, justify
their publication. The Coptic versions are supplemented by specimens
from their parallels in Arabic and Ethiopic, and the book closes with a
useful index of the foreign words scattered through the texts.
To the same editor we owe a transcript and translation of the third
work contained in that Zouche MS. from which he has already printed
the martyrium of St. Isaac, and a sermon of St. Ephraim. It is an
Encomium on Elijah,0 attributed—probably falsely—to Chrysostom.
The date of the MS., a.d. 1199, must give it a high rank among Boheiric
M. Amelineau always the most industrious of editors, has printed,7 from
Borgian MSS., the Boheiric lives of the founders of monachism in Lower
Egypt, SS. Paul, Anthony, Macarius, John Kolobos and others, and has
prefaced them with a lengthy introduction, in which he deals with the
mutual relations of the various versions of their histories, arguing inter
alia that the Coptic life of St. Paul was the basis of Jerome's Latin work.
Prof. Guidi has added to his earlier " Frammenti" another and final
selection from the Sahidic MSS. in Rome and Naples. The documents
are fragmentary, but often interesting, and relate to the martyrdom of
Simon son of Cleophas, the death of St. John, and the Acts of SS. Paul and
Barnabas. They likewise complete certain fragments of ecclesiastical
anecdotes already edited in part by Zoega.
Prof. Rossi gives us, in the same publication as the Psalter mentioned
above,8 portions of the martyria of SS. Theodore and Victor, as well as
some interesting Gnostic texts of a magical character.