Egypt Exploration Fund.
topographical knowledge alone is a sufficient reward, and doubtless there
will be added unto them now and then, from a test shaft, or a foundation
sinking, some valuable object. As things stand at present, the site of no
monument, except the Cassareum, is known certainly ; and I doubt if
any of the ancient charts, as accepted at present, can be relied upon. As
there are, perhaps, few sites in Egypt that can be recommended to
foreign excavators less than Alexandria, so there is none that more
urgently needs persevering and enthusiastic local archaeologists, watchful
for every chance indication, and jealous for the preservation of all existing
remains. Foreign societies might well subsidize such research as theirs,
doing.thus per alios what they are not justified in undertaking per so.
D. G. Hogarth.
0.—Note on Excavations in Alexandrian Cemeteries.
Excavations were made this year in the cemeteries to the east of Alex-
andria at three points: (i.) at Hadra, close to the railway station;
(ii.) about half a mile outside the Canopic Gate, close to the Kami eh
Koad ; (iii.) at Sidi Gabr.
(i.) The whole Hadra district is one vast cemetery, containing many
layers of graves. A beginning was made at a convenient spot close to
the station, and seemingly untouched in recent times. A number of
Koman cups and pots were found lying, for the most part, loose in the
soil. They were all of poor, coarse workmanship, and of late date.
About twenty feet from the present surface of the soil, we came upon
the top of a stone-built vault (A), chiefly in a ruined condition, though one
wall was still standing. It was built of soft, white stouo, thickly mortared
between the joints, and stuccoed in the same manner over its inner
surface. Out of this opened two graves, one of which (B) had evidently
been opened at some date; the other (C) was closed by a thin stone
slab, still in situ. In each we found the remains of a skeleton, but no
trace of pottery or other objects.
From the middle of the passngo ascended three stone steps which led
to a perpendicular shaft, which we cleared out. In the sides, which were
uncased by stone, and consisted of compact native sandstone, were rough
steps cut on each side for purposes of descending. At a depth of