and copied some rock drawings and Greek and hieroglyphic graffiti in
the Eastern desert.
Behneseh and Deshasheh. See Beports of the work of the Egypt
Exploration Fund by Mr. Grenfell and Professor Petrie.
Memoirs on Excavations.
The first place must be given to a digest of the unpublished papers
of Lepsius' great expedition of 1842-6, in the form of a text to the
Benkmaler am Aegypten und Aethiopien. The first volume relates to
Lower Egypt, and has now been issued with a supplement containing a
number of large plates. M. Naville furnishes a French preface giving
a short sketch of the Egyptological work of Lepsius, which led to his
expedition to Egypt. Professor Erman also writes a short preface
stating what are the materials on which the work is founded. The plates
of the Benkmaler were quickly published, but the text was not even
commenced by Lepsius. The journal of the expedition and other notes
were bequeathed by him to M. Naville, who, however, out of con-
sideration for the claims of the Prussian Government, returned them
to Berlin in 1886, under certain conditions in accordance with his
reponsibilities as literary executor.
The arrangement of the book is topographical, not following the
chronological order of the plates, but any difficulty of reference will be
removed by indices. The text is taken by Sexhe straight from the
Journals, supplemented from note-books, inventories, paper squeezes,
and drawings. Borchardt is responsible for editing the architectural
notes, and also draws most of the sketches in the text. The first volume
contains notes made at Alexandria, Sais, Tanis, Behbeit, Heliopolis, &c.;
many notes on the Abbott and Clot Bey collections then at Cairo, and a
vast mass of information on the pyramids and tombs from Abu-rawash to
Sakkareh. In two appendices are essays on the development of tomb
architecture in the Old Kingdom, and another on the proportions of
the human figure observed in the tomb of Ma-nefer at Sakkareh. As
might be expected, the work is, taken as a whole, exceedingly interesting
and valuable, and will be indispensable to Egyptologists, although, so
far as a cursory examination permits one to judge, there is no single
thing of first rate importance in the volume. The prefaces are printed,
but the rest of the work is neatly and clearly autographed.
Professor Petrie has issued the combined results of his own work in