Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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Excavations at Hierakonpolis.


copper water-pot. Below are two slain enemies with their name emblems.
On the other side is Narmer in triumph, the chamberlain behind, the
bigh priest in front; before them four chiefs of the nomes carrying
standards, and ten decapitated enemies lying on the ground; emblematic
animals occupy the rest.

Another slate palette is covered on both sides with figures of animals,
lions, leopards, giraffes, and many mythical. A large mace head, and
pieces of two others, were found ; these were all covered with elaborate
historical reliefs, the perfect one showing the submission to Narmer of
a rival ruler with 120,000 captives, and still larger numbers of cattle.
One of the other mace heads, the largest of all, about a foot high, had
scenes of the kiDg with a scorpion emblem opening canal works in the
Delta * : a large number of standards of the nomes appear on this. With
these were over a hundred plain mace heads, dozens of figures of animals
in green glazed pottery, hundreds of ivory statuettes and carved plaques,
many elaborate cups and dishes with the royal names, a great granite jar
of King Besh, a still larger plain bowl in diorite, of the finest work, some
fine flint weapons, and a large quantity of other remains. Only the
briefest mention is made here, as the whole will soon be published by the
Research Account, with photographs of every important object. But
these few words will show that no more important discovery has ever
been made in Egypt.

It is now five years since the prehistoric remains began to appear, and
every year since then some fresh site has yielded new results. At Koptos
I found the prehistoric Min statues; one now at Cairo, the others—
declined by the British Museum—now at Oxford. With them were five
prehistoric animal figures. The next year a great cemetery of the pre-
historic age was cleared by Mr. Quibell, myself, and others, at Naqada and
Ballas. Next year M. Amelineau began to empty the remains of the
earliest kings' tombs at Abydos. Next, M. de Morgan cleared the tomb
of Mena. And now Mr. Quibell has found the present deposit, which is
the most valuable of all for the art and the civil life. We are now in a
totally different position to what had yet been the case. The ages before
Kliufu are becoming as familiar as the Old Kingdom, and the ka—or
Horus—names of twenty-two kings, probably before the I Vth Dynasty,
are now known.

* See plate.
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