Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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36 Progress op Egyptology.

Maspero (P. S. B. A. xx. 140) writes on the Egyptian philosopher
Ostanes, often in ancient times supposed from his name to have been a
Persian, but who really was, as Goodwin pointed out, the Egyptian
Asdnw, i.e. the god Thoth.

Piehl {Sphinx II. 37) writes on the name of the deity Khent-n-ma (?)
corruptly written in late texts. (.4. Z. xxxv. 100) gives the Greek names of five gods recently
found in papyri, and other remarks on Egyptian religion in the Graeco-
Eoman period.

Sethe's principal articles on Egyptian deities contributed to Pauly-
Wissowa's Encyclopaedic, under ch, are " Chnubis" and " Chon."


Spiegelberg, Ebers Festschrift, 117. Accidentally omitted from the
last Beport. An interesting little collection of love-songs from a Gizeh
ostracon, Dyn. XIX. —XX.

In the Library of the World's Best Literature, edited by C. D. Warner
(New York), there is a section on "Egyptian Literature" (119 pp.), by
Griffith. With the exception of the story of the Shipwrecked Sailor,
reprinted from Petrie's Tales, and a few short translations from the
German of Ernian's Aegypten, the whole of the translations are either
new or specially revised. These comprise the Stories of Sanehat, of the
Doomed Prince, of the Two Brothers, and of Setna. The historical in-
scriptions selected are the stela of Piankhy and the Inscription of Una.
As illustrations of Egyptian Poetry there are Love-songs (contributed
by W. Max Muller), the Hymn to Usertesen from Kahun, the Hymn
to Aten and Amen Ea, the Harper's Song, &c. The examples of moral
and didactic texts include the Negative Confession, the Teaching of
Amenemliat, &c.; an attempt is also made to render the Proverbs of
Ptahhotep. A proof extract of the Egyptian section can be consulted
in the Edwards Library at University College, London. Probably no
other copy is available in England.

Natural History and Science.

Botany. Joret, Les Plantes dans I'Antiquite et au Moyen Age, His-
toire, Usages et Symbolisme. Tome I. Les plantes dans I 'Orient Glassique.
325 pp. The Egyptian section is written with the help of Loret.

Chemistry. Schweinpurth and Lewin analyze salt found in a jar at
Der el Bahri, sealed with XVIIIth Dyn. seal. Its analysis agrees
closely with that of salt from the Natron Lakes, A. Z. xxxv. 142.
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