Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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Progress ok Egyptology.

peculiar kind, and forms one of three such orations which occupy the
verso, or back, of a roll, composed for the purpose by fastening together
three or four distinct pieces of papyrus already bearing writing on one
side. Unfortunately the ink on the back has scaled off to such an
extent that anything like a complete publication of the text is

A longer but less novel publication of a literary character is a large
Homeric papyrus, containing the greater part of the 13th and 14th books
of the Iliad, which has been edited by Mr. A. S. Hunt.8 It is a well-
written example of the vulgate text, transcribed probably towards the
end of the first century. It is now in the British Museum. On the
border line between literary and business documents may be placed a
papyrus in the Field Columbian Museum at Chicago, containing examples
of problems in the_meusuration of land. It shows the methods followed
by the Government surveyors, which issued in the registers of land for
the purpose of taxation, of which there are some examples among the
British Museum papyri mentioned above. It is edited by Mr. E. J.
Goodspeed. with a facsimile which eeems to show that it belongs to
about the middle of the first century.9 Three Greek inscriptions, one
relating to an elephant-hunting expedition in equatorial Africa, about
208-206 B.C., the second containing an epitaph in very corrupt elegiacs,
and the third a dedication to Isis, have been published by Mr. H. E.
Hall10 ; and Prof. Mahaffy has edited some fxagm_ents_o_i_a_papyrus from
the third century B.C., relating to the cultivation of oil for revenue
purposes, which he extracted from the cartonnage of a mummy in the
Ashmolean Museum at Oxford.11 Further Ptolemaic information is
contributed by M. Jouguet, in the shape of a_papyrus relating to the
revolt of the Thebaid under Ptolemy Soter II., jand three inscriptions of
Ptolemais 12; while a very small fragment of a Koman papyrus provides
M. Nicole with material for an ingenious and interesting article on the
prohibition of the bearing of arms by Egyptians issued by the prefect
Avillius Flaccus, against whom Philo wrote his treatise " Against
Flaccus." 13

In addition to these publications of new texts, a considerable number
of articles have appeared, based upon the materials provided by texts
already published. Within the Ptolemaic period, Dr. Strack has in-
stituted an inquiry into the obscure subject of the Graeco-Egyptian
calendar,14 in which he comes to the bewildering and discouraging con-
clusion that there were not only two Egyptian years in current use (the
" wandering" year of 365 days and the "fixed" year of 355\ days), but
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