Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1898-1899

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


was required after Major Brown's survey of the Faiyum basin had
proved beyond possibility of doubt that Linant's levels, &c, were entirely
wrong, Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt have supplied it by ascertaining the
late age of the sites on the borders of the Birket el Kurun. The history
of the Faiyum basin is now fairly clear. It was filled with water until a
very late period, and the land that lay at a lower level than the ancient
Crocodilopolis was not rendered habitable until the Ptolemaic period,
when the lake was rapidly reduced to nearly its present dimensions,
and towns and villages sprang up on the land reclaimed from it.
Further, the identification by Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt of the site of
Dionysias at the south-west end of the lake, in addition to that of
Bacchias (by Messrs. Hogarth's and Grenfell's earlier expedition) at the
eastern end, show how Ptolemy's entries for the Faiyum west of Arsinoe,
allowing for the usual imperfections in distance, latitude and longitude,
indicate the lake and the first and last stations passed in entering and
leaving that fertile province on the road from Memphis to the Little Oasis.

Foreign Geography.

Daressy, Ree. de Trav. xxi. 30, in continuation of his publication
last year, in the same journal, of the lists of Medinet Habii, identifies
certain Syrian place names in them, giving his views on the Egyptian
syllabic system of rendering the foreign names. He further proposes
{Rev. Arch, xxxiii. 263) to place Yanoem of the Israel stela at Beni-naim,
east of Hebron, and ingeniously conjectures that the Israelites ravaged by
Merenptah were settled round Hebron, near the tombs of their patriarchs
(cf. Cl. Ganneatj, ib. 429).

Max Mdller, Or. Litt. Zeit. ii. 38, writes on two Asiatic race-names on
an ostrakon—Qedem and Kefti; ib. 137, on an old Canaanitish city-name
Qert-nezna; ib. 17b', on countries of the far north-east in Egyptian
inscriptions. The same writer, ib. i. 381, has found the name Zamar in a
fragmentary passage of the Bamesside " Voyage of an Egyptian," and
identifies it with the Sumur mentioned in the Pub-addi letters of Tell el

Piehl, Sphinx, ii. 250, questions whether the names of certain Asiatics
usually read Aam should not in some cases (in late times?) be read Qm.

Foreign* Belations.
Golenischeff, Bee. de Trav. xxi. 74, as noted above (p. 29), has
published in full the papyrus of Unuamen. This gives a most curious
account of the voyage of Unuamen from Thebes—where Herhor then ruled

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