Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1900-1901

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1 cm
Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


cylinders (fourteen of black stone, one of ivory, and one of gold). The gold
jewellery consisted of a gazelle (1. 4£ cm.), a bull, twenty-four large beads
in form of univalve shells, ten large cylindrical beads ornamented with looped
lines, a seal cylinder in a case, a twisted wire, a plain head circlet, 1 cm.
wide, a capsule with a curious pattern and with the name of Neith
inlaid, two finger-rings, three bracelets, a number of barrel-shaped spiral
beads, and a multitude of small beads.

" On the hill above, a badly plundered cemetery of the Middle and New
Empires, and on the next spur to the north, a cemetery containing graves
of the Vlth to the XXth Dynasties, completely plundered in Eoman (?) times,
were both excavated. Still further north, on the tip of a low spur next to
the cultivation, a cemetery was found containing a number of untouched
graves. These were mostly of the corbelled vault type, with an opening
on the side blocked by unhewn stones, and yielded a large amount of stone
ware. The pottery points to the late archaic period or the 1st Dynasty.
The burials are in the archaic position, head to south. The graves are
j)oorer, not only in construction, but also in funerary deposits, than those
the second cemetery.

" On the slope of a ravine 300 metres further north, was found another
badly plundered cemetery, which yielded practically nothing except one
burial. The skeleton lay extended on its back, and was accompanied by a
magnificent alabaster jar with lid. Both lid and jar are inscribed, one
with the cartouche of Unas, and the other with a six-line inscription
containing the names of Sehetep-taui-Teti (zdmdic in-n n-h 'ntiw nb Pwnt).

"At Naga-ed-Der, about 500 negatives were made, including a photograph
of practically every grave that could be photographed. Thus we have a
very large collection of negatives of archaic graves, including about 200
graves at El-Ahaiwah, 300 at Dallas, and 300 at Naga-ed-Der. In addition
to the materials relating to the various types of burial these negatives
contain convincing evidence on the subject of archaic dissected burials.
Dissected, or secondary, burials occur in these cemeteries, but only rarely.
Onlif one indisputable case icas found, see figure 3. Di no other undis-
turbed burial which we found was the skeleton dissected, nor was the head
separated (see fig. 1). Furthermore, in every case in which the head
was found separated from the body, the burial was shown conclusively
by other evidence to have been plundered (figs. 2 and 4).

" Our work was carried on this year as well as last year by A. M.
Lythgoe, F. G. Green, and myself."
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