Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1900-1901

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Christian Egypt.


The continued excavations at Antinoe, added to the results of others
likewise conducted by M. Gayet, have resulted in several interesting ex-
hibitions in Paris of late-classical, Byzantine, and Arab textiles,
embroideries, and costumes, where those who had the good fortune to
visit them might doubtless learn much. Those, however, who depend
upon M. Gayet's descriptive catalogue 54 will probably find it difficult to
obtain clear notions of the chronological sequence and distinctive charac-
teristics of the objects exhibited. A great number of smaller typical
designs and ornaments are, it is true, admirably reproduced; but the
descriptions of the costumes themselves lack clearness, and it is impossible
to grasp the writer's grounds for assigning his various finds to the different
periods to which he ascribes them. The collection shown in the " Palais
du Costume " at the Great Exhibition was drawn from the cemeteries of
Antinoe, Akhmim, Siut, and Damietta, which are declared to cover a period
from the foundation of the first city till the latter part of the thirteenth
century (Damietta). Another collection, exhibited this year at the Musee
Guimet, came exclusively from Antinoe, and showed several new and
important features in the costumes of the living, and also in grave-clothes
and mode of burial. Specially interesting here are the tombs of " Thais "
—though the name should apparently be Thaia—and of the monk (?)
Serapion. The former corpse lay upon a bed of palm-branches ; whence
M. Gayet proposes to see in her a martyr. Serapion wears a collar, belt,
bracelets and anklets of iron; his dress is a robe of coarse brown stuff and
another of black wool. He wears thick, nailed boots, and carries a leather-
bound staff. A potsherd exhibited beside him bears the incomplete (?)
inscription, in large uncials :—


The last word looks very like Qfioueoos ; but it is difficult to see [e7rt'o-]/eo7ro?
in that preceding it. The script might possibly be of the 4th century.

The excavator gives a popular account of his work in the L'evue
Archeoloyique,™ whence it appears that he holds the most of the costumes
from Antinoe to date from before Justinian's reign. The name of
Theodosiopolis, it may be remarked, is not a novelty; v. Amelineau's
Geographic, 471.

A German account of the same finds has also appeared.50

A paper was read at the recent Congress of Christian Archaeology at
Borne by C. M. Kaufinann on the Egyptian textiles belonging to the
German Campo Santo ; but I have not seen it.57

A single woven medallion, taken from a Byzantine robe, and representing
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