Progress of Egyptology.
Eecherclies Anthropologiques en Bgypte, dealing with the ancient and
modern inhabitants. The observations on the latter seem to have some
original value. Eeviewed by 0. S. M[yres], in Man, 1905, No. 71.
An article, Die mumifizierte Tierwelt des alten Aegypten, by Schlossek.
Archiv.f. Anthropologic, 1904. ii. 3.
A figure of a jerboa in bronze from Sakkara. Maspero, Ann. v.
Loret, Bulletin de I'Institut Egyptien, iii. 1, writes on the bird of
Horns. The figures agree with the peregrine falcon. An example from
the tomb of Eameses IX shows a remarkable resemblance to a peregrine
brought from Egypt, here illustrated in colours. The Coptic name of the
falcon, beg, agrees with the Arabic bdz, and the peregrine falcon is in
Arabic also called hurr (i.e. Hor, Horus). In the Theban royal tombs
Horns alone of all the gods is of the colour given to the Egyptian
people in the same tombs, the other gods having all one uniform but
different colour; this fact and the name of Horus suggest that the
Egyptians were of Asiatic origin. M. Loeet finds no evidence of the
hawk having been employed in hunting.
An interesting botanical article by Schweinfurth is printed in Ann. v.
187. The chaff which Borchardt discovered filling a Middle King-
dom tomb at Abusir is of Triticum dieocoum, the starch wheat, a
poor kind of grain, long since driven out of Egypt by better sorts. A
large addition to the knowledge of the Elora was hoped for from the
examination of it; but remains of only twelve other kinds of plants
were found in the chaff, of which three are new, Lolium temulentum,
Anthemis retusa-, and Scorpiurus muricatus. The first of these, a
formidable pest to every farmer, has recently been found to harbour a
minute, sporeless fungus, which is detected also in these ancient specimens.
It is here equally sporeless, and thus furnishes a remarkable instance of
unchanged character in a highly specialized form, during 4,000 years.
Loret identifies the name of garlic (allium) in Egyptian, and makes
leash the Saccharum Aegyptiacum, a very common reed in Egypt.
Sphinx viii. 135.
An article on the origin of Usher and Kharag land in Egypt. Becker,
Zeits.f. Assyr. xviii.
Dr. Oefele discusses at length the astrological purpose of the star-
lists, and the horoscope papyrus, published amongst the Berlin demotic
papyri. A. Z. xli. 117.
Schack-Schackenburg writes on the problem jSTo. 60 of the
Mathematical Papyrus, to find the slope of a mastaba : he makes it appear,