Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1907-1908

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Christian Egypt.

graphs of that building and of a second knife (v. last Report, p. 75) and
set of large needles; further, of a curious type of stele with orantes.*7

A good general account, with illustrations and texts, of the monastery at
Bawit is given by Cledat.88 He imagines it to have been destroyed in
the second half of the 12th century, and appears ready to identify the
name etymologically with Ebot (Abydos) and wot (' same'). Casanova, lie
tells us (adopting Amelineau's suggestion, G'eor/r. 366), proposes to sec in
Bawit the diocese ' 1'oubisa,' misread thus from the Arabic.

A lengthy account of the Oasis ruins of Al-Bagawat based on De Bock's
work (v. Report 1900-01, 76) is given by Leclercq.89 Of these most
interesting ruins we may hope ere long to hear more, from the American
expedition which has now definitely taken them in hand.

I may here mention an account, by M. Jullien,90 of various monasteries,
valuable for its photographs, which escaped me at its publication. The
buildings described are Sitta Dimyanah, Dair Abu Fanes {i.e. Fanah-Bane),
I). Ganadla, D. al-Fakuri (i.e. Matthew the Poor), I). Rifah, the White
Monastery, D. Bablun at Cairo, Mari Girgis at Achmim, the Monastery of
the 7 Hills W. of Aclimim, D. Anba Bisadah opposite Menshiyah, D.
Anba Balanran at Kasr as-Saiyad, a monastery at Fan, D. Anba Bactram
N.W. of Luxor.

We may eventually expect detailed descriptions of the numerous
Christian cemeteries examined during Lyons's and REISNER'S 'Survey' of
Nubia. In the meanwhile several are mentioned: at Shellal, Taifa and
elsewhere.91 The bodies in one of them were wrapped in coarse shrouds,
bound about with tape. In another the graves, in long, regular rows, are
surmounted by white structures, in the W. end of which Greek stelae
were found inserted.

Weigall's inspection of northern Nubia likewise records observations of
various Christian remains92: ruined churches, and monasteries (p. 23,
small monks' cells), frescoes in temple (especially p. 139), inscriptions
Greek and Coptic. PI. lxviii has a photograph of a monastery.

Certain archaeologists have difficulty in distinguishing the later pagan
from Christian antiquities. Wilpert,93 for instance, has claimed as
Christian a mummy with what looks like a rectangular nimbus, while
Strzygowski and Marucchi 94 regard it—certainly rightly—as pagan.

The 2nd part of the sale of Eustafjaell's antiquities 95 contained 8
Coptic stelae and a fine bronze pendant lamp, with open-work pattern.

Breccia shows96 a photograph of a fine capital of a column, lately
acquired by the Alexandria Museum.

j, Baillet describes97 elaborately the specimens of tapestry from
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