Progress of Egyptology.
In this connection it may be mentioned that Brockelmann had
previously noticed71 a fragment of a similar Christian history at Breslau,
describing it as a source of Makrizi's account of the Copts. It relates to
the reign of Heraclius.
6. Non-litcrwnj Texts.— Fl. Petrie's volume on his work at Memphis
contains a supplementary chapter by H. Walker, on the Coptic objects
(ivory, bronze) from Athribis, and stelae from Balaizah, illustrated with
4 plates.72 Nos. 7, 14 and 16 among the latter invoke, besides Apollo, a
group of saints—Peter, John, Pgol (and ? Shenoute, no. 7, 1. 15)—whom one
may probably connect with the four named together, as above mentioned,
in the Synaxarium. Three place-names occur on these stelae : Panaho
(presumably not the Delta town), Touho neswo, and Hage. Herbert
Thompson" is cited as pointing out that the strange use of' his brother'
in these (and other) inscriptions had acquired simply the meaning ' monk.'
Lefebvre publishes73 inscriptions from Antinoe and El-Bagawat,
supplementary to those in his Recucil. Two quote Luke xxiii, 42,
others invoke the God of Colluthus or of Thecla, the former of these being
the patron saint of Antinoe, the latter more probably her of the 8 th Kihak
than the companion of St. Paul.
Weigall facsimiles74 a Greek stele from Kalabsheh, which bears the
usual formula, '. . . rest her soul in the bosom of Abraham &c.'
An article by the late A. Pellegrini 75 gives the texts of some Greek
and Coptic stelae at Florence, apparently not all included in Lefebvre.
De Eicci describes76 a Greek stele, showing however one of the peculiar
Nubian letters in the proper name. The formula is one familiar on the
upper Nile (v. Eeport 1904-05, 75 infra). It is of the year a.d. 1181, and
so, De B. says, the latest dated Greek inscription from Egypt. None of
those bearing the same formula are, in his view, earlier than the
Two texts from Philae in Lefebvre's liecueil (596, 597) are examined by
D. Serruys,77 who shows that they bear no absolute dates, merely naming
the Indiction, which is here termed ' the new Indiction,' the designation
of the 15 years' cycle which, it seems, succeeded an earlier one of 14
Kaul'mann's Menas excavations have produced a series of Greek ostraka,
which are edited by E. Drerup.78 They relate to the wine vintage and
payment of the labourers. The vines belonged to the monastery and the
industry was evidently a considerable one. I should be inclined to assign
the ostraka to the 7th century, at earliest, rather than to the Gth.
The fragment of a Greek ostrakon from Medinet Habou, printed by