Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1909-1910

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Egypt Exploration Euxd.

tlie old native African stock and the Egyptian, whom I believe to bave
been also Hainites of a kindred race not very différent from the primitive

Edouard Navïlle.


Last year the Committee authorised me to collect on behalf of the
Snrvey materials for a kind of corpus of the known Meroitic inscriptions
written in the script of the rater empire of the Ethiopians, which is
principally represented in history by Queen Candace. In 1843 Lepsius
copied and subsequently published in his Denkmaeler over fifty inscriptions
in the " demotic " alphabet, besides the hièroglyphic inscriptions of Naga,
Meroë, A m ara, etc. Eecently Dr. Budge bas published photographs of
two demotic inscriptions in the British Muséum, and a hièroglyphic text
on a ram at Soba on the Elue Elle was published from Dùmichen's
papers. This was practically ail the visible material. A large collection
of funerary inscriptions indeed had just been discovered in the excavations
of the Eckley Coxe expédition at Shablul and Karanog by Dr. Eandall-
Maclver and Mr. Woolley, but they were destined for a spécial
publication of the University of Pennsylvania and were therefore not
available for the ' corpus.' They had, however, been put into my hands,
and thus gave me a great opportunity for making progress in the problem
of the decipherment of Meroitic, towards which some contribution was
made in a chapter in Dr. Maclver's Areika, Having done what I could
with the published copies in England and made copies of the monuments
in the British Muséum, I proceeded to Berlin in September and remained
tbere nine weeks, examining chiefly the collection of originals and
squeezes obtained by Lepsius on his famous expédition, including an
unpublished altar inscribed in hièroglyphic wbich enabled me to largely
clear up the équivalence of the demotic and hièroglyphic alphabets. The
authorities of the Muséum gave me every possible aid, and most kindly
put at my disposai (1) the magnificent collection of photographs obtained
by Drs. Schaefer and Junker in the expéditions of the Berlin Academy to
Philae and Lower Nubia, which included many of the known inscriptions
and several new ones, and (2) originals, photographs, and squeezes obtained
in récent years by Borchardt and others for the Berlin Muséum, (3) with
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