Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1909-1910

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Pkogress of Egyptology.

Prof. Wilcken contributes to another complimentary volume—that
dedicated to Cari Eobert by lus colleagues at Halle7—a cbaracteristically
brilliaut republication of a text originally printed by Saj'ee in Petrie's
Hawara. Sayce took the fragment to be a part of a history of Sicily, but
it was soon shown by Wilcken and others to be in fact a portion of a
guide-book to Athens. On the basis of an examination of the papyrus
itself, Prof. Wilcken has now publisbed a fresh text and commentary with
a photographie facsimile. The fragment consists of tbirty imperfect lines,
and not much information of value can be extracted from it. It contains
a brief description of the harbours of Athens and the Long Walls, from
whicli Wilcken ingeniously concludes that the treatise to which it belongs
must bave been written in the early part of the tliird century b.c., when the
walls were still standing between Athens and Piraeus. There are no
sufricient means of identifying the author.

Since the publication described above, Prof. Nicole lias discovered,
among a miscellaneous collection of papyri purchased by him in Egypt,
and for the most part emanating from Eshmunên (Hermopolis), t\vo
fragments which lie has identified as portions of the Chronica of
Apollôdorus,8 a collection of metrical biographies composed in the second
century b.c. They form part of the life of Phidias, which, when intact,
must apparently bave given a detailed account of his fortunes, including
the accusation of embezzlement brought against him at Athens, the bail
given in his behalf by the Eleans, and the ill-feeling arising thence
between Athens and Elis ; but the fragments are so small and so
mutilated that it is only from scattered words that one can recognise
an allusion to facts already known. They cannot therefore add much to
our historical knowledge ; but they are of service to literary history from
the insight which they give into the eharacter of Apollôdorus' curious
composition. Prof. Nicole is inclined to attach more value to the
" patient and profound researches " of Apollôdorus than is likely to be
generally allowed ; but hé is to be congratulated on this latest addition
to the list of his happy acquisitions of papyri.

Among the novelties that bave been revealed by the papyri of récent
years is a class of panegyrical literature, of local eharacter and very slight
literary value, and belonging in date to the Byzantine period. Some have
been publisbed among the Berlin papyri; one or two examples are in the
British Muséum ; and M. Jean Maspero has recently publisbed one,9 as a
sample of a group of twenty-eight such poems, ail by the same author and
written in the same hand, found at Kom Ishgau and now in the muséum at
Cairo. It is closely akin to one of the Berlin texts, which is presumably
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