Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1909-1910

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Christian Egypt. 57

end a mention of St. Phocas, whose tomb is mentioned by Gregory of
Tours as tîie resort of persons suffering from snake-bites. There are also
two other Christian prayers published in tbis volume.

Three fragments of the Shepherd of Hermas bave been previously
published by Leipoïdt (v. Report 1902-03, 56) and one by Delaporte
(v. Report 1905-06, 67). Leipoldt now adds15 to thèse a fifth from a
Paris MS. A Greek fragment of the Shepherd, from an Egyptian papyrus
in the Hamburg Library, is printed 16 by Schmidt and Schubart.

3. Liturgical.—A. Baumstark17 discusses the question whether the
liturgical type found in the Apostolic Constitutions is Egyptian or
Antiochene, deciding in favour of the former.

The Greek anaphora fragments of Deir Balyzeh edited by P. de Puniet
(v. last Report, 55) are further diseussed 18 by S. Salaville, who does not
agrée with de P.'s theory as to the position of the epiclesis in the primitive
Egyptian rite, but rather holds that in tbis liturgy there were two epiclescs,
one before and one after the words of institution. De Puniet, however,
is not convinced,19 and gives further reasons for bis original belief. A
full account (with a facsimile) is given20 of thèse fragments by Cabrol in
bis Dictionary, under the heading " Canon " : lie calls them the " Crum
Fragments," and it might indeed be convenient to fix upon a definite
name for them. They are studied at length21 by Soiiekmann from
the palaeographical, lexicographical and " liturgie-gesehichtlich " point of
view ; he is inclined to date them in the third century or even at the end
of the second.

The second part of Junker's important study (v. Report 1907-08, 63)
of tenth-century Sa'idic poetry lias now 22 appeared : it consists of texts
and translations of ail the available material. Tbis collection fills a good
deal more than a hundred pages of good print, and is a very large
contribution indeed to our stock of Coptic poetry. Maspero, in a
review23 of bis first instalment (see above) expresses the opinion that the
poetry is of priestly or monastic rather than "popular " composition.

C. Charon, whose preliminary study (v. last Report, 56) is reviewed 24
together with Engdahl on the Byzantine Liturgy by Nau, now élaborâtes
bis resuit in a gênerai25 history of the Melchite Patriarchates. He
proposes to treat of their liturgies, ecclesiastical organisation, and to
give their lists of bishops : the présent is only a first fasciculus, but it
contains much otherwise inaccessible respecting the history of Egyptian
Christianity. Chapter IV—not part of the preliminary essay—gives lists
of the Egyptian sees ; it may be noticed that where there were 103 bishops
before the Monophysite schism, in 1715 (and indeed at the présent day)
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