Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.
N. Peters has written a work, die jiklische Gemeinde von Elephantine-
Syene, which is reviewed by Staerk. O.L.Z. xiii. 542.
In the second volume of his Handbuch der mathematischen und tech-
nischen Chronologic Prof. Gixzel contends that the Jewish months in the
Aswan papyri began on dates obtained by observation of the lunar crescent.
Mr. Foth eringham criticises this view and holds that the dates were
obtained by calculation, each month beginning at the sunset following the
mean new moon. Monthly Notices of E. Astr. Soc, June 1911, p. 661.
Lidzbarski, among the results of a journey in the East, edits the Phoenician
and Aramaic graffiti of Abydos from the originals, Ephemerisf. sem. Epigr.
III. 93, and gives new readings of monuments and papyri in the Cairo
Museum, ib. 117. In an early alphabetic inscription in an unknown
language from Ordek-bunu near Zeujirli, now in the Museum at Constanti-
nople, he finds the proper name Khian. ib. p. 200.
Semitic words in Egyptian demotic svjt = Heb. hot " whip " ; nz\ probably
= nzh " be clean " ; hbl — hell " breath." Spiegelberg, O.L.Z. xvi. 193.
Daressy suggests that the Libyan tribe of Meshawesh had been driven
into Libya from Syria or Asia Minor, perhaps in the time of the XVIIIth
Dynasty. Sphinx, xv. 93.
Cartouche of the Ethiopian king Senk-Amen-seken found at Memphis.
Daressy, Ann. x. 183.
W. Max Muller traces back the diadem of the Abyssinian Emperor
with double end falling behind through Meroitic kings to Taharqa at
Napata. O.L.Z. xiii. 425.
Note on the iron-workers of the Sudan. Sayce, P.S.B.A. xxxiii. 96. A
Meroitic inscription from Amara, id. ib. xxxii. 263. See also Garstang's
Meroe above, p. 24.
Inscription on an altar from the pyramids of Meroe brought by Lepsius
to Berlin, the only example of a funerary text in Meroite hieroglyphic and
of great value for decipherment of Meroitic. Griffith, A.Z. xlviii. 67.
Owing to the interest now aroused in Nubia and the Sudan the following
may be noticed here:—
J. W. Crowfoot has written an account of the Sudan ports on the Eed
Sea from his own observations, endeavouring to identify them with those
named in classical and Arab authors. Geogr. Journal, May 1911.
A very interesting but melancholy report by Somers Clarke on the
Christian remains of the Sudan south of Wady Haifa as far as Soba is