Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1910-1911

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Cheistian Egypt.


The Copts and Coptic studies have lost a good friend by the deatli of
Dr. John Wordsworth,1-'2 Bishop of Salisbury. It will be remembered, for
instance, that he procured from the Patriarch the MS. containing the
service of consecration of a Church and Altar, which was edited by
Horner, and he showed himself interested in the Church of Egypt up to
the end of his life.

The most untimely death of P. D. Scott-Moncrieff123 is also a severe loss
to these studies. At the time of his death he had not reached his thirtieth
year, and his articles in various periodicals on the Christian East had
already attracted much attention. It is satisfactory to know that two
important works, which he left behind him nearly finished, will soon be
published; one is an article on the Coptic Church which will appear in the
new Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, and the other, on " Paganism
and Christianity in Egypt," will be published by the Cambridge University

A review124 of PLAUMANN's description123 of Ptolemais remarks on the
curious way in which that city remained perfectly Hellenic—it was indeed
never Christianised to any extent—right up to its destruction by the Arabs.

In no. xci of his Miscellen von LBMM shows120 by quotations that
Augustamnice was the name of a province, not of a town.

A mention should here be made of the Egyptian articles in the
Encyclopaedia of Islam from the pen of C. H. Becker. In the fasciculi127
that have appeared during the present year, the articles on Ashmunain
and Babylon have most interest for students of Christian Egypt.

A E. P. Weigall describes128 a ride from Akhmin to the Wady Salamum,
where the deserted monastery and hermitage is still a Christian place of

In the little volumes1281 on the Christian literatures of the East in the
Sammlung Goschcn A. Baumstaek gives a rapid sketch of Coptic literature
in something over twenty pages. The survey would be useful to a
beginner before going on to Leipoldt's fuller history (v. Report
1906-07, 73).

W. M. Flinders Petrie, pointing129 out the survival of ancient Egyptian
ideas into Christian Egypt, mentions that the Copt's wife was a joint
owner of property with him, and that a sale or transfer of land needed her
consent. He also sees Egyptian influence or even origin in several
important facts of historical Christianity, such as the Agape (comparing
tomb-feasts), Monasticism, the existence of Eternity before Time (a
premise of both sides in the Arian controversy), and the cult of Mother
and Child.
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