Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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Vitruvius, observed by the ancients, and
allowed by the moderns, in the disposition
of columns, called by that writer,


" Of buildings there are five sorts or spe-
cies ; which are called, 1st, The Pycno-
style, that is, thick of columns. 2d, The
Systyle, that are a little wider. 3d, The
Diastyle, still wider. 4th, The Araeostyle,
more distant than is proper. 5th, The
Eustyle, which is the proper distance.

To the Pycnostyle, the distance of the
intercolumniation Js one diameter and a
half of the column; as in the temple of the
divine Julius; the temple of Venus in Caj-
sar's Forum ; and many others after the
same manner..

The Systyle has two diameters of the
column between the intercolumniation,
and the plinths of the base are equal to the
space which is between two plinths; as in
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