Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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men, the top or ridge, of consequence
the ridge piece. Columens, from whence
columns derive their name. This must,
therefore, be what we call the king-post.
Transtrce, if the span of the roof is great,
these therefore may be considered as
large or principal rafters ; to these are
added tapreoli, struts, or braces; can-*
terii, small or comon rafters, project-
ing to the extremities of the eaves ;
templa, cross, or longitudinal pieces,
which serve to support or strengthen the
asseres, or laths which support the tiles
or covering.

Rotunda, a building which is round both
within and without.

Rustic, the term is applied to those stones
inabuildingwhich are hatched or picked
in holes, resembling a natural rough ap-


Saloon, a lofty, vaulted, spacious hall or

Scapus, the shaft of a column.
Scima. See Cyma.
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