Rudiments of ancient architecture, containing an historical account of the five orders, with their proportions, and examples of each from antiques also, extracts from Vitruvius, Pliny, &c. relative to the buildings of the ancients — London, 1810 (4. Aufl.)

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Scotia, a hollow moulding used in bases
to capitals. See plate 8.

Section of a building, represents it as if
cut perpendicularly from the roof down-
wards, and serves to shew the internal
decorations and distribution.

Shaft, the trunk or body of a column be-
tween the base and the capital.

.Soffit,the under part or ceiling of a cor-
nice, which is usually ornamented ; the
under part of the corona is called the
Soffit; the word is also applied to the
ceiling of an arch, the under side of an
architrave, &c.

Sph^risterium, a circular court, for
playing at ball, or other exercises ; a
tennis court.

Steps for ascent. Vitruvius regulates their
height to about ten inches ; but to the
ancient temples they are generally
higher ; to the Doric temples at Poes-
tum they are sixteen, and to one
twenty inches high.

StrigjE, the flutings of a column.

Stadia, the same as hippodrome.

Stoa, a portico. In one of these at
Athens, Zeno taught his system of phi-
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