Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 1.1882-1883

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MQI espace vide KA
ITOY^ es'pace vide

The two lines now unearthed fill the gap between the sixth and
seventh lines. These are of great importance in restoring the in-
scription, showing that Quintus Lollius Philetairos, the hereditary
king, dedicated the Stoa, which was itself brought to light by our

We are now in possession of three other inscriptions (see Nos.
XVI.-XVIII.) relating to Quintus Lollius Philetairos or his family.
The TrdrpLos (3a(n\eus is, as Boeckh points out (C.I. G., 3569), the
lineal descendant of the ancient kings of the Aeolic city of Assos.
After their deposition they still retained the title of king, along with
certain rights and privileges, mainly of a priestly nature, which ensured
to them an honorable position in society.* Among such rights, Strabo
mentions the presidency of the games, the right to wear the royal
purple, to carry a ctkl-mv instead of the arKrjirTpov, etc.f

A similar state of affairs existed at Pergamon. \ At Athens, after
the abolition of the monarchy, the kingly dignity was replaced by
that of the Archons, who originally were limited or constitutional
kings ; the archonship at first was held for life, and was for many

* Concerning the /3affi\evs, or rex sacrificulus, in Lesbos and the adjoining
provinces of Asia Minor, see Hermes, 1878, p. 386: Mittheilungen des deutschen
archaeologischen Institutes in Athen., 1881, p. 51.

f Strabo, XIV. pp. 632, 633 : up^ai Se (prjaiu "Av§poK\ov rrjs tuv 'Iwvwv ajroi-
Kias, varepov rvjs Alo\iKrjs, vlov yvr\awv KoSpov rod 'AQrjvwv PairiAeccs, yeveadai 5e
tovtov 'Etpe&ov KrlaTr/v. Siotrep rb fiaaihtiov twv 'Iwvwv e'/cei avffT^vaj. <paai, Kal
tri vvv o'i e/c rov yzvovs bvojj.a^ovra.1. SacriAeis ixovTes TLvas ri/xds, Trpoefiplav re iv
aywai Kal iropipvpuv l-Kiar\fi.ov rod l3acn\iK0v ytvovs, (TKiTrcova avrl aK^irrpov, Kal ra
i'epa t'Ijs 'F.\euaivlas Aijfx^rpos.

% C. I. C, 21S9: rav iirdvu/jLoy airv fiacrihtcov irpvravri'iav, on "which Boeckh
(No. 3569) remarks : reges non dynastae illi Attalici sunt, sed urbis regis anti-
quissimi, ab his igitur ille genus derivabat ideoque creatus etiam prytanis epony-
mus eiat, quod munus Per'gami competivisse regum posteris patet.
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